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Pundi X (NPXS)
A Hardware And Software Platform That Enables Seamless, Physical Payments In Cryptocurrency.
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Pundi X builds its XPOS payment ecosystem around its ERC-20 utility token, NPXS. The ecosystem further consists out of the XPOS device, the XWallet and the XPASS card.
The other ecosystem elements include XPOS, the Point of Sale system, a product of Pundi X that has been deployed on markets across the globe. The XWallet mobile app also supports different DApps for users and making it easier to perform crypto transactions.
The NPXS token is required for every transaction within the XPOS ecosystem and enables an instant and seamless user experience.
The NPXS Tokens can be used as loyalty rewards for a deduction of the transaction amount. This could encourage the consumers to use Pundi X to make purchases.
NPXS Tokens are also required when publishing an app on Pundi XPOS app store. NPXS is a default token to settle the payment within the application. Depending on the different type of developers, PundiX can charge up to 30% of handling fee in NPXS and the Pundi X contract will burn this kind of NPXS tokens.
The developers can publish applications targeting retailers, such as cryptocurrency transactions, wallets, financial or insurance services, membership or loyalty program, delivery management, and more, catering to the needs in different countries.
1. What is Pundi X (NPXS)?
Pundi X is an ecosystem comprised of hardware and software products that facilitates blockchain-based payments in physical retail stores. The core technology offering is the Pundi XPOS, a PoS hardware system for merchants that facilitates cryptocurrency payments and transactions through mobile wallets and bank cards. As an all-in-one solution for retailers, the XPOS device can support retail intelligence, inventory management, order management and loyalty programs.
Pundi X's mission is to make cryptocurrency more accessible by allowing stores to buy, sell and accept cryptocurrencies, while simultaneously empowering blockchain developers and token holders to use cryptocurrencies at any physical store in the world.
The Pundi X portfolio consists of several additional products that support and drive adoption of the XPOS hardware systems as highlighted below:
NPXS and NPXSXEM tokens.
The XPASS card.
The f(x) blockchain.
An illustration of the crypto payment transaction flow using the XPOS device is shown below:
Source: Pundi X Management Team.
Some of its key highlights include:
Raised a total of $30.5MM across private sale, public pre-sale, and public sales which began in Oct 2017 and were finalized in Jan 2018, selling 20% of the total token supply
Shipped first 5,000+ XPOS units globally in Sep 2018
Provided PoS systems in Sep 2018 to support ULTRA Taiwan as the first major outdoor music festival (30,000+ attendees) to accept crypto payments
NPXS is the native utility token that functions within the Pundi X ecosystem and has several core use cases, including:
Payment for goods and services from merchants through XPOS
Listing tokens in the XPOS
Merchant payments for loyalty programs and ads
Crypto-related transactions on the XPOS burn a portion of NPXS tokens (reducing total supply and functioning as price support)
More on the NPXS revenue & token burn model can be found here
2. Economics and supply
Public Sale Completion
21 Jan 2018
Private & Public Sale Allocation
20% of Total Supply
142,603,994,148 NPXS (56.10%)
ICO funds are held in a cold wallet, bank account and in a mix of BTC, ETH and USD. As of 19 Nov 2018, Pundi X has used ~15% of their ICO funds based on the following split:
Project Development: 50%.
2.1 NPXS token sale:
A total of $30.5MM was raised across all NPXS public and private token sale tranches that was completed on 21 Jan 2018.
Private sale: Raised $8.5MM from 7 Oct 2017 - 28 Oct 2017.
Public sale: Raised in three tranches.
Pre-sale: Raised 14,000 ETH (~$4MM) from 7 Oct 2017 to 28 Oct 2017.
Extended Pre-sale: Raised 6,060 ETH (~$2MM) from 21 Nov 2017 to 24 Nov 2017.
Public Sale: Raised 18,644 ETH (~$16MM) on 21 Jan 2018.
2.2 Token supply breakdown
Private Sale tokens unlocked 31 Oct 2017 (20,000,000,000 NPXS).
Public Sale tokens all unlocked by 31 Jan 2018 (36,151,038,894 NPXS).
Token bonuses allocated to early investors all unlocked 31 Dec 2017 (13,431,454,894 NPXS).
Company tokens unlocked 31 Jan 2018 (28,075,519,001 NPXS).
Monthly token release tokens began unlocking on 31 Jan 2018 and will continue to be released on a monthly basis until 31 Dec 2020 (196,485,361,335 NPXS total will be distributed monthly over 3 years).
###### Pundix token distribution (%)
Monthly token release mechanism
Pundi has created an incentive structure to encourage token holders to stake their tokens by reserving ~70% of total token supply to be distributed on a monthly basis to token holders who hold NPXS tokens in their own ERC-20 wallets. Pundi will take random snapshots of token holder wallets and allocate tokens to holders based on the following formula:
[(The average of the daily lowest NPXS amount of the month X 10%) + (the daily average NPXS amount of the month X 90%)] X 7.316%
Further detail on the mechanism and formula can be found here.
NPXS token release schedule
The chart below represents the number and breakdown of all NPXS tokens that are and will be released into circulation on a monthly basis from Oct 2017 (Private Sale) to Dec 2020, at which point all NPXS tokens will be in circulation. After a large initial unlock of private sale, public sale and team tokens, the circulating supply will steadily increased as tokens are released on a monthly basis to reward NPXS holders who stake their tokens. Company tokens includes allocations for team & advisors.
NPXS Token Holder Concentration
The following chart represents the top 20 wallets holding NPXS tokens, of which 7 belong to the team and / or an exchange.
3. Roadmap, updates, and business development
Pundi X has successfully completed the majority of their announced milestones within the communicated timeframes and has achieved some additional milestones not disclosed in the original roadmap, including the successful adoption of XPOS at a major event. Pundi has also released an updated roadmap with key milestones through Q2 2019.
Began international series of XBlockchain summit in Indonesia for gov't officials, business executives, and developers.
Completed working XPhone prototype.
Secured partnerships to introduce the XPOS to the government and public sector.
Launched XWallet, a mobile app for digital currency payments.
Fielded orders for 20,000 XPOS units.
Kick off the international series of XBlockchain summit in China.
Grow XWallet and XPASS card adoption rate to increase transactions on the XPOS.
Establishing new local branch offices.
Introduce the XPOS and XPASS as a medium for charitable donations via a partnership with a major non-profit organization.
Expand the international series of XBlockchain summit to South America.
Launch Function X testnet and mainnet.
Deliver XPhone to the consumer market.
3.2 Commercial partnership and business development progress
As a hardware project, Pundi X has a dual community / commercial growth strategy that involves expanding XPOS distribution partner networks and growing global user bases that are interested in purchasing retail goods using crypto assets.
Pundi X must secure key commercial partnerships that can provide the necessary distribution channels for the XPOS devices to drive both near and long-term adoption and achieve the 100,000 rollout by 2021. Most recently, Pundi X has secured orders for the distribution of 5,000 XPOS devices globally as an initial step in this growth strategy. These deals must be replicated with major distribution players in key markets to further build the network and deliver value to merchants and consumers.
3.3 Merchant installations and commercial progress:
5,000 XPOS devices have begun shipping globally across Asia, Europe and South America. Distributors and partners include: BitCapital (Brazil), Manticora (Colombia), UTRUST (Switzerland), Ebooc (Dubai), and ULTRA (Taiwan).
Additionally, tens of thousands of XPASS cards were distributed in Sep 2018 at events such as ULTRA Taiwan, Consensus Singapore, and AMCHAM Korea.
3.3 Partnerships and integrations
American Chamber of Commerce Korea: AMCHAM will support, introduce and promote Pundi X solutions to its 1,800 members
Ebooc (official supplier to emCredit, a subsidiary of the UAE Department of Economic Development): Partnership to provide several applications for consumers to pay for government services using XPOS systems at shopfronts for the UAE's official state-owned credit bureau.
NEM: Deal to deploy 20,000 XPOS running the NEM blockchain.
Ubivelox: Technology partnership to further XPOS and XPASS technology development and distribution
BitCapital: One of the largest OTC dealers in Brazil for cryptocurrencies and is currently developing a payments infrastructure network that will provide seamless crypto-to-fiat transactions. 1,000 XPOS devices are expected to be distributed in retail outlets across Brazil through BitCapital.
Manticora Capital: Manticora Capital is a Colombian cryptocurrency investment fund with an extensive network in Colombian retail. Manticora Capital will distribute 1,000 XPOS devices in stores across the country.
UTRUST: Swiss-based UTRUST will commit to acquiring 1,000 units of the Pundi XPOS.
Tokens accepted in the XPOS: BNB, NEM, XLM, QTUM, WAN, ZEC, ADI, DGX, DGD, ACT, and XVG
3.4 Regional merchants
Pundi is accepted at a variety of regional merchants. Here are some sample locations and purchases from Singapore, Netherlands, and Taiwan
The Pundi product portfolio has several components that support and promote both token adoption and Pundi PoS hardware device usage.
4.1 XPOS device
Interface supporting both in-person transactions in cryptocurrency including BNB, BTC, ETH, and NPXS.
System can also accept traditional forms of payment such as Visa, MasterCard, Apple Pay, Samsung Pay, American Express, E2Pay, Alipay, Go Pay, and WeChat.
XPOS device owners are rewarded NPXS tokens for processing transactions and these tokens are paid out via the company's reserves.
XPOS supports a native application store.
Advertisers, developers and ad networks can place ad content on XPOS devices, cards, and receipts.
Merchant Revenue Model:
Merchants capture 1% as a fee for processing transactions.
Can sell crypto & XPASS cards.
Setup inventory & loyalty programs, ads and print smart receipts.
Source: Pundi X Management Team.
4.2 NPXS token
NPXS is used as a form of payment within the Pundi X ecosystem for a variety of products and services including loyalty programs, ads run through XPOS and claimed goods and services from merchants
Advanced deposits of NPXS are required for tokens to be listed on the XPOS, these are held for certain periods for relay purposes.
100% of Pundi X revenue generated through transaction fees on the XPOS system will be used to permanently remove NPXS tokens from circulation through token burning
The transaction flow of the NPXS token within the Pundi ecosystem is highlighted in the illustration below:
Source: Pundi X Management Team.
4.3 NPXSXEM token
The NPXSXEM token can be used within the XPOS devices specifically built on the NEM blockchain as part of a strategic partnership with NEM created to leverage crypto communities in Asia where NEM has a large presence.
The development of 20,000 units of the NEM XPOS, a device integrated with the NEM blockchain.
The project is still designed to benefit NPXS with 10% of all proceeds used in NEMXPOS transactions being NPXS.
Android and iOS mobile app to store selected assets such as NPXS, BTC, BNB, ETH, and others.
Payments can be made through XWallet app at stores using the integrated QR code.
4.5 XPASS card
Contactless smart card that allows users to store and spend multiple cryptocurrencies at merchants with the XPOS device.
Cardholders are entitled to special discounts.
XPASS card can be used to conduct transactions (analogous to a metro top-up card) as it holds the private key information inside.
4.6 f(x) blockchain
The f(x) ecosystem consists of 5 elements:
Function X FXTP (Web protocol): Decentralized transmission protocol (P2P).
Function X Docker: Open source platform for developers to build, ship and run dApps.
Function X IPFS: Storage.
Function X Public Blockchain: High performance, secure public blockchain.
Function X Operating System: An Android-modified, blockchain-enabled operating system that allows users to seamlessly switch between f(x) Blockchain and Android modes, giving them the choice of using their phones with a traditional operating system with Android apps and traditional telecommunications, or blockchain mode for decentralized applications and blockchain-based calls and messaging. The ability to switch between each interface is shown in this video.
Operates on a new communication protocol enabling a decentralized ecosystem that supports phone, text and data transfer allowing users to have complete control over data shared on their smartphone.
Data transmission and SMS handling with Function X blockchain tech.
Decentralized storage space.
5. Project team
Former W3C Chair of HTML5 Interest Group. Sweden KTH (M.Sc Computing) & Norway NTNU (M.Sc Security). 12 years of tech experience.
APAC finance & product design at Baidu and Lenovo. PhD law scholar from Tsinghua University and holds ACMA and CGMA accounting qualifications.
Entrepreneur who started and sold several businesses, including a company with 200 employees. B.Sc Engineering at Xi‘An Polytechnic University.
Constantin Papadimitriou (Kiki)
Founder and CEO of Indonesia fintech firms Infinetworks and E2Pay | M.Sc Computer Science (Purdue) and B.Sc Computer Science (Tulsa).
David Ben Kay
Chief Legal Counsel
Former Ethereum Foundation governing board member | General Counsel of Microsoft China | Managing Partner of Denton Hall | JD from UCLA.
Chief Investment Officer
Former APAC COO of Global Transaction Services at Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Group Head of Risk Management (CRO) at Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing.
6. PundiX's activity and community overview
6.1 Development activity
Unlike other projects devoted to maintaining a public chain, Pundi X, as a hardware-focused project for private sales, does not regularly update a public, open-source codebase, and did not share a GitHub repository with Binance Research.
The project cited security requirements and protection of sensitive data as the rationale for not publishing open-source code.
While Pundi did not provide Github repositories or an overview of their code base, the team was able to provide images of their hardware offerings infographics.
6.2 Social and community data
The key to Pundi X's success is growing the community of users interested in crypto payments at retail stores, demand which will then encourage merchants to install XPOS hardware. Pundi X is currently engaged in a variety of strategic initiatives to attract users to the platform that include educating their community about the technology, with a particular focus on Southeast Asia, South Korea and South America.
At this stage, Pundi X is primarily running campaigns targeted at the Telegram communities to incentivize their most active community members and drive use of the NPXS token. The first of these promotions was five free trips to XBlockchain for their most active and engaged Telegram users (as determined by moderators) followed by a dance competition to win a trip to ULTRA Taiwan 2018.